ASD is a neuro-developmental disability thought to have neurological or genetic causes . However, the cause is not yet fully understood and there is no cure. A person on the autism spectrum has difficulties in some areas of their development, but other skills may develop typically.
ASD affects around 1 in 68 people of school age, with males being around four times more likely to be affected than females.
There is no single test for ASD diagnosis. ASD in children is diagnosed through observation by a multidisciplinary team or the following health professionals:
Early intervention has been shown to improve outcomes for children on the autism spectrum.